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An Early Educator’s Look Into Brain Development for Infants and Toddlers

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1.  What age range shows the fastest rate of brain development?
  1. 0-3 years of age
  2. 3-5 years of age
  3. 6-10 years of age
  4. 11-15 years of age
2.  What period of infancy can be called the fourth trimester?
  1. 0-3 years of age
  2. 0-3 months of age
  3. 3-6 months of age
  4. 0-12 months of age
3.  By what age has the human brain reached 60% of its adult size?
  1. Birth
  2. Age 1
  3. Age 3
  4. Age 18
4.  What is the process called by which the brain eliminates unused connections and refines used connections (use it or lose it principle)?
  1. Trimming
  2. Cognition
  3. Elasticity
  4. Synaptic pruning
5.  Which of the following is NOT a way that infants learn to develop trust?
  1. Responsiveness from caregivers
  2. Caregivers talking with and to baby
  3. Physical touch from caregivers
  4. Caregivers showing no emotions around baby
6.  Which of the following is a social skill infants are developing?
  1. Turn taking
  2. Social interactions as give and take
  3. Sharing
  4. Managing emotions
7.  Which of the following is true about music and infants?
  1. Music should not be played for infants
  2. Music should be playing as background noise
  3. Music should be played as a focus, not as background noise
  4. Only instrumental music should be played
8.  What do infants and toddlers need in an ideal physical environment?
  1. Containment equipment
  2. Limited auditory stimuli
  3. Space to move and explore
  4. Unlimited choices
9.  What do responsive infant caregivers always do first?
  1. Observe
  2. Pick up child
  3. Call the child’s name
  4. Clap hands to get infant’s attention
10.  What should a responsive toddler teacher avoid?
  1. Routines
  2. Offering choices
  3. Positive language
  4. Herding