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The Role of Race and Diversity in Work with Children in Child Welfare

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1.  Which of the following is the best definition for historical trauma?
  1. A cumulative emotional and psychological wounding over the lifespan and across generations, emanating from massive group trauma experiences.
  2. Trauma that happened to people a long time ago.
  3. Trauma that is recorded in historical documents and has research.
  4. A series of events agreed upon by larger society as damaging to a specific set of people.
2.  Which of the following is the best definition for intergenerational trauma?
  1. Trauma that is consistently seen in multiple generations of a family, eg. sexual abuse
  2. Trauma experiences that are shared by multiple members of the family such as is the case with children in homes of domestic violence
  3. Trauma that is passed down through generations by mechanisms such as secrecy about the horrors of the trauma or, on the contrary, telling and retelling of the traumatic events and through heightened levels of stress
  4. Trauma perpetuated on one generation by another generation, such as child abuse
3.  What is the estimated percentage of children in the child welfare system actively receiving trauma treatment?
  1. 10%
  2. 25%
  3. 50%
  4. 75%
4.  Which of the following factors impacts the attachment of children adopted into transracial families?
  1. Formation of Cultural Identity
  2. Cultural background and participation of the adoptive family
  3. The child’s experiences with other members of their race
  4. All of the above
5.  Research has demonstrated which of the following shared characteristics of PTSD regardless of the individual’s belonging to a collectivist or individualistic culture?
  1. Increase in isolation
  2. Increase in use of psychotropic medication to manage symptomology
  3. Increase in defining self through stories related to the trauma
  4. Increase in likelihood of interacting with a behavioral health professional
6.  Intergenerational trauma is demonstrated by research to be passed down through which of the following?
  1. Behaviors and actions of the parents
  2. Passing down stories of traumatic events
  3. Shifts in the epigenetics of a family who has experienced trauma
  4. Decreased serotonin in children living in homes with caregivers who have experienced trauma.
7.  Which of the following is the best definition for colorism?
  1. The process of children experiencing increased suspensions in schools based on their skin tone.
  2. Valuing some skin tones over others as occurs in some marginalized groups that have experienced historical trauma.
  3. The experience of lighter skinned African Americans who have reported greater experiences of comfort in their workplace.
  4. The emphasis that popular media places on creating advertising that reflects individuals of all skin tones,
8.  What is the greatest predictor of treatment success for African American families in services with White providers?
  1. The family’s perception of their provider as aware of cultural norms and differences
  2. Being assigned to a provider of their same race
  3. Being assigned to a provider who has family of the same race
  4. The family’s perception that the provider is invested in their success
9.  What options do Social Workers have in addressing and identifying their own implicit bias?
  1. Increasing their annual training in cultural awareness
  2. Engaging in Reflective Supervision/Consultation about their Implicit Biases
  3. Reading research literature on implicit bias and systemic discrimination
  4. All of the above
10.  Which of the following is the best option for addressing privilege in the clinical relationship?
  1. Do not comment on it unless it's brought up by the family
  2. Offer for the client/family to see a provider of their race
  3. Acknowledge the provider’s privilege with the client/family
  4. Provide psychoeducation on privilege and cultural differences between the client/family and the provider

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